Sanduk Ruit :The Remarkable Journey in Eye Care

In the sphere of global health, there exist individuals whose significant contributions remain hidden in the shadows. Sanduk Ruit is unquestionably one such figure. His pioneering work in the realm of eye care has not only earned him a multitude of awards but has also bestowed the priceless blessing of sight upon countless individuals in desperate circumstances. In this article, we will venture into the life and accomplishments of Sanduk Ruit, delving into the origins of his remarkable journey and the acclaim he has rightfully received for his indispensable contributions.

I. The Man Behind the Vision

Sanduk Ruit: A Brief Biography

Born in the remote village of Olangchung Gola in Nepal in 1955, Sanduk Ruit's early life was marked by hardship and adversity. Growing up in a region with limited access to healthcare, he witnessed firsthand the suffering caused by preventable blindness. This experience would later serve as the catalyst for his life's work.

Ruit's Early Education and Medical Training

Despite facing numerous obstacles, Ruit pursued his education with unwavering determination. He obtained his medical degree from the Institute of Medicine in Kathmandu, Nepal, and later completed his ophthalmology training in India and Australia. These formative years laid the foundation for his future endeavors in the field of eye care.

II. The Beginning of a Visionary Journey

The Inception of the Tilganga Institute of Ophthalmology

In 1994, Sanduk Ruit co-founded the Tilganga Institute of Ophthalmology (TIO) in Kathmandu, Nepal. This institution would become the epicenter of his pioneering work in the field of eye care. Under his leadership, TIO introduced innovative techniques and approaches to treat cataracts, a leading cause of blindness in the region.

The Innovation of Small Incision Cataract Surgery (SICS)

One of Ruit's most significant contributions to ophthalmology is the development of Small Incision Cataract Surgery (SICS). This groundbreaking technique allows for the removal of cataracts with minimal incisions, reducing recovery time and costs. SICS has since become a global standard in cataract surgery, transforming the lives of millions.

III. Awards and Recognitions

The Prestigious Ramon Magsaysay Award

In 2006, Sanduk Ruit was awarded the prestigious Ramon Magsaysay Award for his outstanding contributions to the field of eye care. Often referred to as Asia's Nobel Prize, this accolade recognized Ruit's dedication to restoring sight to those in need and his commitment to training and empowering local healthcare professionals.

The Fred Hollows Foundation Humanitarian Award

Ruit's impact extended beyond Nepal's borders. In 2017, he received the Fred Hollows Foundation Humanitarian Award for his extraordinary efforts in reducing blindness globally. This recognition highlighted his tireless work in providing affordable and accessible eye care services to underserved communities in developing countries.

IV. Legacy and Impact

The Global Reach of Ruit's Work

Sanduk Ruit's influence extends far beyond Nepal. He has traveled to numerous countries, including North Korea and Ethiopia, to perform sight-restoring surgeries and train local doctors in his innovative techniques. His efforts have played a pivotal role in reducing the global burden of preventable blindness.

Empowering the Next Generation

Dr. Ruit's unwavering commitment to shaping the next generation of ophthalmologists has not only secured his legacy but has also had a global impact. His mentorship has extended its reach far beyond borders, touching the lives of hundreds of doctors worldwide. These skilled professionals, armed with the expertise he's imparted, now stand as beacons of hope in addressing the eye care needs of their local communities.


The trajectory of Sanduk Ruit's life, originating in a humble Nepali village and ascending to international prominence in the crusade against blindness, is a narrative of sheer astonishment. His pioneering techniques, notably the Small Incision Cataract Surgery, have redefined the domain of eye care, enhancing the quality of life for multitudes. The extensive array of awards and commendations bestowed upon him attests to the profound global health impact of his endeavors. In honoring Sanduk Ruit's legacy and accomplishments, we are reminded that an individual's unwavering commitment and visionary outlook can indeed be a catalyst for positive transformation.